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@Mysteries in the ancient Egypt: 1

The Grand Egyptian Museum being scheduled to open in 2011 is expected to become a world top class museum at the time of its completion.

It has already passed about 10 months since I have been involved in this development project of GEM. From the beginning I have always asked myself 'Why the ancient Egypt could depict such "inner world"?' Through their temples, pharaohs' tombs, coffins, mummies, statues, relieves, murals, myths, and even the 'Book of the Dead,' the ancient Egyptian civilisation included and depicted the 'inner world' in its level and depth being unable to compare with other ancient civilisations.

The world history we study at school usually starts by learning the world-oldest 'Four Civilisations.' The ancient Babylonian civilisation along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, the ancient Indus civilisation along the Indus river, the ancient Chinese civilisation along Yellow river, and the ancient Egyptian civilisation along the Nile river.

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The ancient Babylonian civilisation produced the world-first urban civilisation, as there are a variety of theories about the beginning of agriculture, I don't refer to it now, the ancient Indus civilisation established the urban sewage network in which even a most advanced contemporary city can not match, the ancient Chinese civilisation constructed the Great Wall having taken a lot of time.

All of them are epoch-making sociologically or first-rate pragmatically, however we can not find the inner world in them, which the ancient Egyptian civilisation left. The pyramids or the sphinx are wonderful, however they are still 'one of them' before the whole vision of the ancient Egyptian civilisation.

Although there have been a lot of arguments, e.g. whether the ancient Egyptian civilisation was established by the white skinned Semitic people or the black skinned people originated in the Sahara or Sudan, I myself think that the origin is a very important theme but, setting it aside, the level and contents of the outcome are one of the biggest mysteries as well.

For more than 3 years before I began working for the Grand Egyptian Museum, I have been engaged in the Jordan National Museum Development Project. The time span with which the Jordan National Museum deals is about 20,000 years before at the shortest or about 40,000 years if we expand the time range, hence the time span, i.e. about 5,000 years before, with which the Grand Egyptian Museum deals is too much shorter. However, the ancient civilisation with which the Jordan National Museum deals could not reach the inner world with which the Grand Egyptian Museum deals, or did not leave any traces of the inner world, even if the ancient Jordan civilisation could reach it.

Although the ancient Egyptian civilisation had not a few matters which can not be competed with other ancient, including super-ancient, civilisation such as chronological maturity or societal and pragmatic accomplishments, why they could step into the inner world to that extent?

Not as a continuous series but as a theme to which I come back occasionally, I would like to unravel the mystery of the ancient Egypt, though it might be an absolutely impossible subject to me.

The attached photo is one of the many clay plates left by the ancient Indus civilisation. The ancient Indus letters are one of the letters being not yet encoded, although the hieroglyph is encoded by Champollion. I am expecting that the ancient Indus letters could disentangle its inner world story which might compete with or even be far ahead of the ancient Egyptian civilisation.

i26/6/2006j
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