A symposium on Neanderthal was held early this year.
Among a variety of presentations of the results of experts' researches
the biggest topic in which attendants showed fascinating interest
was a question "Did Neanderthals fancy Homo sapiens? Did they
In many parts of Europe and Western Asia, the existence of Neanderthals
and Homo sapiens, modern humans had overlapped. It is generally
thought that Homo sapiens had appeared after Neanderthals died out
or newly appeared Homo sapiens had exterminated Neanderthals using
their 'superior' intelligence; however the fact may be different.
In the Jordan River Valley, especially in the West Bank, a lot of
Neanderthals' bones have been found.
The last bones of Neanderthals in this area are of about 28,000
years ago, while we have proof that the first appearance of Homo
sapiens in this area was about 100,000 years ago. It means that
former inhabitants Neanderthals and new comers Homo sapiens had
lived together for about 72,000 years in this narrow valley.
About 28,000 years ago the Paleolithic Period had already begun
in this area, and not a few flint tools have been found.
Those flint tools are made by Homo sapiens, archaeology usually
considers so, but didn't Neanderthals participate in the production
Surrounding Homo sapiens at a distance Neanderthals just looked
at Homo sapiens using flint tools handily and didn't show any interest
I don't presume so, however until now any certain proof that Neanderthals
made flint tools has not yet found, hence I can imagine but can
not conclude so.
Furthermore, if the proof is found, it will be a great event which
will require fundamental rewriting of archaeology and human civilization
In the exhibition plan of the Jordan National Museum we take into
consideration that the Paleolithic corner can be flexibly changed
in case of possibility, hazard?, that such a proof may be found
in future, perhaps.
Amman has developed on several hills and has a lot of slopes, furthermore
than San Francisco. The construction site of the National Museum
is located in one of such valleys, 'in not so far past' from the
historical feeling of this land, Neanderthals and Homo sapiens had
met each other in this valley.
By the way, the answer to the above question, the result for now
in the above symposium was "Probably they might have done it
and made a child, but might have been unable to see their grandchild
The difference of their average heights between Neanderthals and
Homo sapiens is that Homo sapiens is about one head higher than
Neanderthal, 'their 'seeming difference' was within the range that
they could feel one another sex appeal sufficiently, however the
difference of their genetic structures was so big that they could
get pregnant and give birth to their child, but the newly born child
was sterile. Hence such children could not obtain their child, that
is, the first parents could not see their grandchild's face, probably.
The child was a kind of mule between an ass and a mare, perhaps.
In this connection, Neanderthals were not exterminated by 'supreme'
Homo sapiens, but they extinguished themselves because they could
not adapt themselves to the sharp change of climate. With this interpretation
which pacific people may willingly support, the symposium was closed.
Neanderthal, who could survive several ice ages, were tough enough
against a cold climate but could not correspond to the global warming
which had begun about 25,000 years ago, 'scientific reasoning' says.
'The excellent always win' may be one of the examples of assumption.