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Assumption 4: Neanderthals

A symposium on Neanderthal was held early this year.
Among a variety of presentations of the results of experts' researches the biggest topic in which attendants showed fascinating interest was a question "Did Neanderthals fancy Homo sapiens? Did they do it?"

In many parts of Europe and Western Asia, the existence of Neanderthals and Homo sapiens, modern humans had overlapped. It is generally thought that Homo sapiens had appeared after Neanderthals died out or newly appeared Homo sapiens had exterminated Neanderthals using their 'superior' intelligence; however the fact may be different.

In the Jordan River Valley, especially in the West Bank, a lot of Neanderthals' bones have been found.
The last bones of Neanderthals in this area are of about 28,000 years ago, while we have proof that the first appearance of Homo sapiens in this area was about 100,000 years ago. It means that former inhabitants Neanderthals and new comers Homo sapiens had lived together for about 72,000 years in this narrow valley.

About 28,000 years ago the Paleolithic Period had already begun in this area, and not a few flint tools have been found.
Those flint tools are made by Homo sapiens, archaeology usually considers so, but didn't Neanderthals participate in the production at all?
Surrounding Homo sapiens at a distance Neanderthals just looked at Homo sapiens using flint tools handily and didn't show any interest in them?
I don't presume so, however until now any certain proof that Neanderthals made flint tools has not yet found, hence I can imagine but can not conclude so.
Furthermore, if the proof is found, it will be a great event which will require fundamental rewriting of archaeology and human civilization history.

 


In the exhibition plan of the Jordan National Museum we take into consideration that the Paleolithic corner can be flexibly changed in case of possibility, hazard?, that such a proof may be found in future, perhaps.
Amman has developed on several hills and has a lot of slopes, furthermore than San Francisco. The construction site of the National Museum is located in one of such valleys, 'in not so far past' from the historical feeling of this land, Neanderthals and Homo sapiens had met each other in this valley.

By the way, the answer to the above question, the result for now in the above symposium was "Probably they might have done it and made a child, but might have been unable to see their grandchild face"
The difference of their average heights between Neanderthals and Homo sapiens is that Homo sapiens is about one head higher than Neanderthal, 'their 'seeming difference' was within the range that they could feel one another sex appeal sufficiently, however the difference of their genetic structures was so big that they could get pregnant and give birth to their child, but the newly born child was sterile. Hence such children could not obtain their child, that is, the first parents could not see their grandchild's face, probably.
The child was a kind of mule between an ass and a mare, perhaps.

In this connection, Neanderthals were not exterminated by 'supreme' Homo sapiens, but they extinguished themselves because they could not adapt themselves to the sharp change of climate. With this interpretation which pacific people may willingly support, the symposium was closed.
Neanderthal, who could survive several ice ages, were tough enough against a cold climate but could not correspond to the global warming which had begun about 25,000 years ago, 'scientific reasoning' says.

'The excellent always win' may be one of the examples of assumption.


(7/8/2005)
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