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Assumption 2: Seasons

Recently I have been involved in the exhibition planning, more exactly the preparation of the exhibition planning, of the Grand Egypt Museum construction project which will newly be constructed in Giza in Egypt. It was called the Museum of Giza when the project had started compared to the Egypt Museum, alias the Museum of Cairo, located in Cairo and opened in 1902, hence I have hastily began hard work of the Egyptian archaeology, alias the Egyptology, as usual.

After starting learning the Egyptology the first question occurred to me was; "Why had it begun from only about 5000 years ago? That was the story of the Egyptian dynasties and pharaohs which succeeded from the old kingdom and the middle kingdom to the new kingdom, and ceased at the well-known Cleopatra VII."

Looking at the Egyptian history from the view point of the Jordan National Museum which covers a time span of around 200,000 years and focuses on the history since around 20,000 years ago, we have to think of 'How the Egyptian history had started behind!"
Around 5,000 thousand years ago, it was the time when the Bronze age had begun and we don' t feel that it is no more 'old' period compared with the history of the Middle and Near East such as Jordan.


One more question occurred to me further was; "How could the dynasties suddenly appeared in the history construct such groups of gigantic monuments as represented by the Pyramids and the Sphinxes? When and where could they master so accurate skills of measurement and civil works which are said to be considerably difficult even by fully utilizing contemporary advanced technologies, were they taught by anyone, if so who taught, or did they independently develop them by themselves?"

As for the second question, my own study is still insufficient, only for one month and over yet, hence it had already been studied and solved in past days and has been a common sense every Egyptologist knows. However, as for the first question I have not yet met anybody who could clearly explained the reason for it.

A piece of bone about 7 million years ago, probably of human beings, now in excitement at the topic that it might be older than that well-known "Lucy," makes it clear that a remote ancestor of human beings came in the East Africa, went northward along the Nile River, passed through the Jordan Valley and spread east and west. This is a prevailing theory about the history of the coming and spreading of human beings, which has widely been accepted.

In the human history the primitive agriculture which grew not an improved breed but a wild one firstly developed along the Jordan River about 40,000 years ago, and those traces were found in several places.
The Jordan River, I once visited there and scooped up its water with my hands, is of the similar size to the Kanda River running through the downtown of Tokyo. Even a child can throw a stone onto the opposite side in Israel, but you must on no account do this! I was surprised that; "Is this that Jordan River which is often sung in Negro spirituals? In the Bible or hymns the crossing of the Jordan River by Jesus is positioned to be so significant that Caesar' s crossing of the Rubicon"

The fertile valley and the delta of the Nile River has long been a food production base for supporting Egypt from the period of the Egyptian ancient civilization until today. If the Nile River lay to the north of the Jordan River, I could understand, however it lies far before the Jordan River when human beings went northward from the East Africa, and a lot of water, further more than the Jordan River, flows along it, and it has fertile soil, I can not understand why human beings did not firstly begin farming along the Nile River, why farming along the Nile River fell behind the Jordan River valley so much, it is only because remains or traces have not yet been found?
My question has deepened and deepened day by day.

Enjoying beer at a stylish cafe´ with Ms. Khairieh whom I introduced in the Marking Mail the other day, I asked the above question. She asserted that; "The then climate was different so much from today' s one. During the period when farming began, it rained so much all over the Nile River area that the area was unfit for farming, on the contrary as it rained more than now all over the Jordan River area, the area was further fit for farming than now? One of the most important matters in the archaeology is that when we analyze individual periods we firstly investigate the then climate conditions and discard the today' s common sense"

We understand the facts as knowledge not through such a geological date sense as the today' s Equator was once the Arctic or the Antarctic, or geomagnetism often turns around, but through such a human historical date sense as the Sahara was once green woods and a lot of rivers ran through it, as woods in the middle of Africa turned into grasslands by climatic wave a part of monkeys stood up in grasslands and became our ancestor, or as several channels which separated continents were connected because the water level dropped drastically during the Ice Age our ancestors went over to the American Continent and Australia, BUT;

In our daily life we tend to quickly judge by today' s environmental sense in which we live.

A fable that 'seasons return' may be one of the examples of assumption.

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